Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (Kokang)
Defeated by the Burmese Army and replaced by the Kokang Region Provisional Leading Committee under control of the government, but led by former MNDAA Vice-Chairman Bai Suoqian
Founded: March 12, 1989 Leader: Peng Jia Xiang (aka Phone Kyar Shin) Membership: 1,500 and 2,000 soldiers Affiliated with: Former CPB Ceasefire agreement: March 31, 1989 Special Zone: Laogai, Shan State Special Region-1 (North) Population: 150,000
Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (Kokang), formally the Kokang Democracy Party, is a rebel army of Kokang people in northeastern Burma. It signed a ceasefire agreement with government shortly after it split from Communist Party of Burma in 1989.
However on 24 August 2009 the group which was forced out of its ceasefire zone after the Burmese Army seized its capital of Laogai on 24 August 2009. The Burmese army cited concern about Kokang links to illegal activities, including gambling and drug production for the attack but others see it as part of the government's plan to force all ceasefire groups to transform into a Border Guard Force. MNDAA has been replaced by another Kokang group which agrees to become a Border Guard Force.
Kokang and its southern neighbors United Wa State Army (UWSA) and National Democratic Alliance Army-Eastern Shan State (NDAA) are members of Peace and Democracy Front, an alliance formed by former ethnic armed units of the Communist Party of Burma (CPB). The grouping has also reportedly concluded separate military pacts with its most immediate western neighbors: Kachin Independence Army (KIA) and Shan State Army (SSA) “North.”
Party Central Executive Committee
24 Aug 2010
Burmese army attack and force out the MNDAA from their capital of Laogai. The 'New Light of Myanmar' reported that in the three-day clash 11 were killed and 31 injured on the Burmese Army’s side. But according to a statement issued by Peng Jia Xiang's, about 200 civilians were killed in the two-day battle and three Chinese civilians were killed in artillery fire from government troops (others say 1 was killed 2 were injured). Meanwhile MNDAA soldiers had killed more than 30 government soldiers and captured more than 50 on 27-28 Aug. Chinese authorities spent 10 million yuan (about US $1.4 million) in providing humanitarian assistance to the 30,000Kokang refugees. Yunnan’s chief of police, said that three shells fired by Burmese government troops landed in the Chinese countryside, killing one Chinese citizen and injuring two others. more than Kokang refugees who started fleeing to China makeshift camp in Nansan